Here is an item that Karen Hopkin wrote in the Scientific American website. (here)
For every action, theres a reaction. And for many movements we make, theres an intention: we think about moving, and we move. Now a study published in the May 8th issue of the journal Science suggests that the experience of moving is all in your mind. Because the part of the brain thats active when you intend to move is the same part that lets you feel like you did.
Two separate brain regions are involved in moving your body. One part provides the intention, and the other powers the actual movement. But researchers didnt know which part let you know that you actually moved.
In the new study, scientists were working with patients undergoing surgery to remove a brain tumor. Surgeons often electrically stimulate the area around the tumor while the patient is awake and can provide feedback, so they can avoid damaging critical tissue. The scientists found that zapping one particular part of the brain made their patients feel like they wanted to move their arms, lips or tongue. And ramping up the stimulation to that spot made them feel like theyd done it. But when the team poked at the region that actually caused motion, the patients didnt know they moveda finding thats oddly moving.
This is not necessarily as odd as it sounds. We don’t know what normally stimulates the region and whether strong stimulation comes from a different source than milder stimulation; in fact, we don’t know a great many other things.